JOAQUIM CHISSANO <sup>(83)</sup>


Independent non-executive director

PhD Honoris Causa (Stellenbosch University), LLD Honoris Causa (St John’s University, USA)

Appointed to the Board in 2005.

Joaquim Chissano is a former president of Mozambique and has served that country in many capacities, initially as a founding member of the Frelimo movement in the struggle for independence. After independence in 1975, he was appointed foreign minister and became president in 1986. He declined to stand for a further term of office in 2004. His presidency began during a devastating civil war and ended as the economy was being reconstructed. He was chairman of the African Union from 2003 to 2004. Joaquim is also a non-executive director of Harmony Gold Mining Company. In 2006, he was awarded the annual Chatham House prize for significant contributions to the improvement of international relations. He also received the inaugural Mo Ibrahim prize for achievement in African leadership in 2007 and has been awarded a number of honorary degrees.